Also known as the "Holy See", the Vatican City is one of themost fascinating and visited places on heart. Although within the city of Rome, it's an independent sovereign state: precisely, the world's smallest state, by both area and population (it has fewer than 1,000 citizens!).
The Vatican City is the cradle of the Catholic religion and it is ruled by the Pope since 1378. Despite its small size, this "walled enclave" holds several treasures of incomparable beauty and artistic value.
The main cultural sites include: the Saint Peter's Basilica, one of the largest churches in the world; the Vatican Museums, the largest museum complex in the world with over 1400 rooms; the Sistine Chapel, the 15th Century Pope's private chapel, with the ceiling frescoes beautifully painted by Michelangelo.
However, in addition to those world-known sights there are also many other attractions. While in Rome, make sure to give yourself plenty of time to ensure you get to see all the wonders of the Vatican City!